hurt的用法

hurt可用作及物动词,有使受伤,损害等含义。用作不及物动词有疼痛,带来痛苦等含义。用作名词时有伤,痛等含义。用作形容词时,有(心灵等)受到伤害等含义。

  一.用作及物动词

1.使受伤

No one was seriously hurt in the traffic accident.在这次交通事故中没有人受重伤。

2.使疼痛

The tight shoe hurt my foot.这只鞋太紧,把我的脚挤疼了。

3.伤...的感情;使(感情)受到伤害

He inadvertently hurt her feelings.他无意中伤了她的感情。

4.损害,危害

The scandal hurt the government's image badly.这丑闻严重损害了政府的形象。

二.用作不及物动词

1.疼痛

My right leg hurts.我右脚疼。

2.带来痛苦;造成损失

It won't hurt to postpone the meeting for a few more days.

会议再推迟几天也无妨。

三.用作名词

1.(精神上的)创伤[(+to)]

It was a real hurt to her vanity.

这对她的虚荣心真是一个打击。

2.伤;痛

The massage made the hurt go away.按摩使疼痛消失了。

四.用作形容词,表示(心灵等)受到伤害的

There was a hurt look in her eyes.

她的眼睛流露出一种委屈的神色。

五.be hurt后可接动词不定式或that从句。

She was hurt to think of his being left alone.

想到他一个人留在那儿她就难受。

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